All praises to Allah (Subhanaho wa Ta’ala) and choiciest blessings upon our beloved Prophet Muhammud (SallAllahu alayhi wasallam)
Alhamdulillah, today we have entered the second month of the lunar calendar.
Safar with a “Saad” either means ”To turn yellow’ or ‘To be empty/vacant’.
It was in Autumn when the leaves turn yellow or the homes of the Arabs were empty of their menfolk, that this month was named Safar.
This month is also known as, Safarul Muzaffar or Safarul Khayr, which means, prosperous, successful, good fortune etc. This is to eradicate the corrupt beliefs of some people who say, the month of Safar is bad-luck, evil, ill-omened, unfortunate etc., so marriages, major transactions etc. must not be conducted in this month.
Rasulullah (SallAllahu alayhi wasallam) eradicated all superstitious beliefs.
Time, day, week, month, year is an estimation and effected by the Will of Allah.
If anyone does good at anytime, he will be rewarded accordingly and the effects of evil and sins will be decided by Allah.
There are many periods of the lunar calendar and many places in the world where the rewards of good deeds are multiplied and has an adverse result withh sins.
Our intellect and understanding is limited, therefore we seek divine guidance from the Glorious Quran and Ahaadees of Rasulullah (SallAllahu alayhi wasallam)
Senior scholars have explained many things to us, in accordance to the Sharee’ah, which we must accept and adhere to, if we desire success in both worlds.
There is a host of corrupt beliefs regarding this month. True and sincere Muslims should refrain from them and engage in beneficial deeds. In reality, no time or individual is evil originally.
All the customs and beliefs of Safar are baseless. Many people have erroneous beliefs regarding this month i.e. it is a month of misfortune and calamities.
The teachings of Allah Ta’ala and His Most Beloved Rasul (SalAllahu Alaihi waSalam) gives us clear guidelines on such incorrect beliefs.
Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) says in the Qur’an al-Kareem: “No misfortune befalls except by Allah’s command. ..” [Surah Tagabun, Verse 11] These erroneous beliefs have also been condemned in the context of the following Ahadith: There is no superstitious owl, bird, no star-promising rain, no bad omen in the month of Safar. [Sahih Bukhari, Hadith 5707]
There is no bad omen in the month of Safar and no Ghouls (evil spirits). [Sahih Muslim, Hadith 2222]
The above Ahadith clearly refutes all incorrect beliefs and superstitions regarding the month of Safar
These incorrect beliefs flow from the pre-Islamic period of Jahiliyyah
The Month of Safar during the Days of Ignorance
The Muhaddithin have recorded many of the superstitions harboured by the Arabs during the Days of Ignorance
A few are mentioned below:
1) The pre-Islamic Arabs believed Safar to be a snake which lives in the stomach of a human being and when hungry, bites the person. This is the discomfort one experiences when gripped by the pangs of hunger
2) Some said Safar are worms which originate in the liver and ribs due to which the colour of the person becomes yellow, a condition we know today as jaundice
3) According to some, the month of Safar flanked by Muharram and Rabi al Awwal is full of calamities and misfortune
With the advent of Islam and the teachings of Sayyadina Rasulullah (SalAllahu Alaihi waSalam), all evil and incorrect beliefs common in pre-Islamic times were discarded
Incorrect Beliefs: Today too, there are some Muslims who hold incorrect beliefs regarding the month of Safar
1. A nikah performed in this month would not be successful
2. This month is full of misfortune and calamities
3. To commence any important venture, business etc. during this month will bring bad luck
4. The first to the thirteenth of Safar is ill-fortune and evil
5. The person who distributes food or money on the 13th of Safar will be saved from its ill-fortune
6. To celebrate the last Wednesday of Safar and regard it as a holiday
What to do:
1. To shun all types of erroneous beliefs regarding the blessed month of Safar
2. To understand that the most unfortunate person is he who disobeys Allah Ta’ala’s commandments e.g. does not perform the five daily salah etc. It is narrated in a hadith that Rasulullah (SalAllaho Alaihi waSalam) said: “Pray, 0 Allah! Cause not anyone of us to be a wretched destitute.” He then asked: “Do you know who is a wretched destitute?” Upon the request of the Sahabah (RadiAllahu Ta’ala Anhum) he replied, “A wretched destitute is he who neglects his salaat.”
3. We should understand that all conditions which befalls us, good or bad, favourable, or unfavourable are from Allah Ta’ala, (as a result of our actions)
Allah Ta’ala says: ”Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is due to the things your hands have wrought, and He forgives many a sin.” (Surah 42 – Verse 30)
This can also be confirmed by the following Hadith: Sayyadina Jabir (Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu) has said that, “I have heard Sayyadina Rasulullah (SalAllahu Alaihi waSalam) saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue.”
source: jamiatul ulama kzn